THE NOTION OF POPULARITY IN KOM SUCCESSION

by GHAM Fedelis
posted on This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.Oct 18 3:23 PM
 
KOM PATTERN OF SUCCESSION:
The Kom fondom in the Western Grassfields of Cameroon practices a matrilineal pattern of succession as opposed to patriliny which is practiced by approximately 99% of the world.
Matrilineal succession is one in which maternal blood brothers take over and are followed by their sisters who are chronologically represented by their male children.
The primary feature of matriliny is that a child belongs to the family of his mother where he exercises succession rights as opposed to patriliny where a child exercises succession rights in the family of his father to which he proudly belongs.

COMPOSITION OF THE KOM FONDOM:
The Kom fondom is a heterogeneous society which consists of 22 matriclans from distinct origins.
Some examples of Kom matriclan include ; Ikui,Itsinalah,Achaff,Ndohtitichia,Ndoh Nanbang,Avem,Mbeba,Ijinasung,Kijem etc.
A Kom matriclan or clan is a community of people who are related by blood,geography,history,conditions,friendship ties etc.
For example,the ikuis are those who settled ontop of the Laikom hill.This holds true for the itsinalah and achaff people.
The Ndohtitichia originated from Djotin,the Mbeba people trace their roots to Baba,the Avem people trace their roots to Wum/Menchum etc.

ACQUISITION OF KOM "MATRICLANISHIP"
1)The biological child of a Ndohtitichia lady is a member of the Ndohtitichia matriclan.Thus "matriclanish" relations are primarily gotten at birth.
2)The adopted child of an Achaff lady becomes a member of the achaff matriclan.Thus "matriclanish" relations can be gotten through adoption.
3)Any Menchum man who picks up Kom as his domicile becomes a member of the Avem clan regardless of his blood relations with the Avem people that were already living in Kom.Thus "matriclannish" relations can be gotten through geography.

KOM PATTERN OF "MATRICLANNISH" SETTLEMENT:
The Kom Fondom is made up of more than 50 villages with each of these villages hosting persons from different matriclans.
This explains why no Kom man can boast to know all the other members of his fellow matriclan.

ACQUISITION OF KOM MATRLINEAGE RELATIONS
Every Kom matriclan is made up of independent matrilineages (lineages).A matrilineage or lineage is a group of persons who can trace their descent to a female ancestry of a common memory.This signifies that a group of persons who can trace their descent to the same ancestry of late memory do not belong to the same lineage.This means that lineage relationships are gotten from blood and they diminish with time.A Kom lineage keeps multiplying and separating to form other lineages on a daily basis to an extent that yesteryear's lineage members might become more attached in the "matriclannish" than in the matrilineage sense.Because lineage relations are based strictly on blood it is thus incest to get married within ones lineage but marriage within the same matriclan is common.

KOM PATTERN OF MATRLINEAGE SETTLEMENT:
Kom matrilineages which are sub factions of matriclans are haphazardly spread over the more than 50 villages of Kom.
Though it is impossible for one to know all the members of his matriclan,every Kom man knows all the members of his matrilineage.
This is because despite the dispersed settlement of Kom lineages,each lineage mourns/joys together.
When one talks of a Kom family,he is referring to a Kom lineage.

KOM TRADITIONAL PROPERTY:
The Kom traditional property is made up of compounds or homesteads which were (are) either acquired (since the Kom people drove away early settlers)or built by respective members of the respective Kom lineages.Consequently,a Kom lineage owns property while a Kom clan owns no property.A Kom lineage has a lineage head (family head) who decides succession to his lineage compounds but a Kom clan has no head because it has no property.

THE TRUE NOTION OF POPULARITY IN KOM SUCCESSION.
Kom successors are known at birth long before their turn to succeed to any compound in question.Every child born into a lineage is joy to that lineage.The lineage head or any other elderly member of the lineage names the child after his ancestors.Every male lineage member tells his wives and children that they have had a new "husband" (would be husband) and "father"(would be father)and "njangwain" is song in each of the compounds of the lineage in question regardless of where it is located in the fondom.This attracts neighbours who come in to learn that the compound in question has had a new future successor in the person of ...born by...sister or niece to the present owner of the said compound.

This news spreads like wild fire in the village and within a short while vigilant persons can cite the line up of the said compound right down to the new born without hitches.
In the course of growth of the new born he visits his lineage compounds throughout the fondom for family meetings,funerals,holidays etc where he is further introduced by his maternal uncle to his wive,children and villagers as his future successor.In most cases the introduction is not necessary.It suffices for the child to cite just the name of his mother to the public and everybody will know his position in X compound in Y village.

In the Kom fondom,the fact that Mr. X belongs to Y lineage and as a consequence is successor to Z compound is well known by everybody.
This starts at birth and is THE TRUE NOTION OF POPULARITY IN KOM SUCCESSION.

THE FALSE NOTION OF POPULARITY IN KOM SUCCESSION.
The false notion of popularity in Kom succession is exhibited when a person from X lineage who grows up with everybody knowing where he is traditional fit to succeed takes advantage of an opportunity and jumps head long into the compound of Y lineage and starts lobbying the villagers,public/private officials,holding seminars to be spreading false information that he is popular and more responsible to occupy a compound than those who are traditionally fit to succeed to such a compound.

In my modest opinion,such a practice is usurpation and not popularity because popularity does not justify usurpation.Again,responsibility is the degree of ones responsiveness which is measured by honesty,integrity etc and usurpation is an exhibition of irresponsibility as opposed to the much self applauded popularity and responsibility.

The negative aspects of this false notion of popularity is that they come along with intimidation,threats,blackmail of honest persons,holding of both public and private meetings to crush the truth and the carrying of bags of dirt in the name of protection.This culminates with the exploitation and dumping of the so called popular ones and they turn to blackmail and accuse innocent persons of the none attainment of their tantalizing fanatical fictitious ambitions.By the way there is no need running when you are on the wrong way because your speed on the wrong direction decreases your chances of ever meeting the right direction.

HOWEVER,IT IS PREFERABLE TO BE TRULY UNPOPULAR IN YOUR TOILET THAN TO BE FALSELY POPULAR IN SOMEBODY'S PALACE.
THIS IS BECAUSE NO MATTER THE GRADIENT OF TRICKS USED BY A LIZARD TO SURVIVE IN WATER IT SHALL NEVER BECOME A CROCODILE.

Fidelis Gham Lo-ah

Sent: Fri, Apr 4, 2014 10:18:17 AM
"Ayongni a kia a woin ghem"

My dear Sons and Daughters,

Accept my greetings, where ever this mail will meet you and extend same to your families, friends and their families too. I hope that you and your family members are all of good health because I pray for you on a daily basis. I know that the gods of our land are with you all.

I want to say thank you to all of you because you have made me to be realizing my dream gradually. I was surprised on the 3rd to 5th of January with the number of Kom sons and daughters who turned out in the palace for something that came to my mind just about a month to those days – the celebration of my 20th anniversary as the Paramount Fon of Kom, the celebration of the centenary of the death of Fon Yuh I, the annual meeting of Njongsi Kom and also to reawaken our Kom annual dance, which was fondly called “ibin I kom”. I will like to thank everyone who came out (those in Kom, those from out of Kom and those from the diaspora). I particularly appreciate those who came from out of Kom and the diaspora because my uncle Fon Njinabo II used to tell me that the Kom culture will be revived and brought back to Kom by those who are out of Kom and I started to see this during this occassion.

Though 2013 ended up very badly to the me in particular and the Kom people in general as we lost some of our illustrious sons, meaning that we stepped into 2014 with heavy hearts, I honestly do not know what made the celebrations to be successful, but one thing I believe is that it was due to all your contributions. May the souls of these my sons continue to rest in peace.

I want to thank all the committees that were set up to work towards these celebrations because they all worked tirelessly to make the occasion successful. When I came out to the ceremonial ground (“iweh I jang”), I was shocked to see the level of preparations and when I asked to know what had happened, I was told that the logistic committee spearheaded by the Mayor of Fundong Council had changed the face of the ceremonial ground and had also provided parking space as well as cleaned up the road to the palace. Seeing the population, I was also marveled at the turn out and was informed that the Mayors of Belo, Njinikom and Fundong helped to mobilize and also collect village dues to support the celebrations. I also want to thank those who were in charge of communication both in Kom and out of Kom because up to this day people still stream into the palace to visit and see for themselves what they saw on about the Kom culture and the Kom Palace. This means that communication is a very powerful tool to promote the culture of Kom. For this reason I will want to thank especially my sons and daughters who live in Yaoundé who used their position to maximize the use of the national media to announce the event, highlighting the importance of the Afo a Kom , making Kom to be widely known and promoting our rich culture.

To all my title holders (Bobe Kwifion, Chisidoh, Ghi Bo Tehsi, Nforemes, Gha Kom, Fon’s Representatives out of Kom, Ghi Bo Chong, Ntumsi Foin, Ghi Bo Njongsi, Ghi Bo mokum, Ghiisi Njong, Ghi Na Njong, Tah Manjongsi, owners of Dalla Njong, etc.) I thank them immensely because I was told that some of them respected my circular which highlighted what each person should give in to support the occasion. The Finance committee which was led by Gha Kom is still waiting for those who did not have the opportunity to give in their contribution to do so. I will also like to appreciate all the Kom Elite (they know themselves), for their constant support to me at all times. I do not know how I can thank Bishop Nkuo for what he did by starting the occasion with the Word of God. The Gospel he gave was very timely and I know God is going to answer all the prayers said on that day. This was well appreciated by everyone who was there and it stands out as an example to other Fons who were present to know that the Word of God is supreme.

I will also take this particular time to thank my sons and daughter who are out of Cameroon. They have given the palace a new phase by constructing a rest house in the palace, which was very useful during this occasion because I could easily host my guest there. I hope you saw my last letter which was channeled through Bobe Boh Herbert to all of you who are members of this forum. I know you got the message and also extended it to those of your brothers and sister who are not members of the forum. Ayongni a kia. I know you are still preparing more of such projects for the palace

I think that we can keep going ahead with such success if we continue to work together, by reinforcing and using the existing committees that were created during the last event. Anyone who will like to join any of the committees or has an idea to support future organization of events like the last one should indicate directly through this address. I cannot succeed in doing in anything without your rich suggestions because I am only here to represent you and this place is owned by all of you. This is why I keep praying for good health for all of you.

During my 20 years as the Paramount Fon of Kom, I have gone round Cameroon. Through these visits I have seen that Kom sons and daughters are very united and development oriented. I have had the opportunity to lay the foundation stones for halls in Yaounde, Douala, Ebolowa, etc and I hope that someday I will also be able to lay another foundation stone for a Kom hall out of Cameroon because you are capable of doing great things. During these visits I discovered that my sons and daughters are united under one development and cultural banner, though with different names in different areas. I will therefore like to suggest that you come up with a Kom national development association like KOMCUDA for example, which will have a national executive and can organize yearly development and cultural events at home. I think it will be easier if the existing presidents (both men and women) of these groupings in the different areas, cultural advisers and all Fons Representatives in these areas can come together and look at the feasibility of such an association so as to make useful suggestions for a way forward. This will also help to unite us more and more and also enable us to know one another. I believe you will know better than me therefore, those who have suggestions about this can send them through this address directly, not through the forum so I can channel to those who will sit to plan a way forward, or they can contact the existing presidents in their areas.

To conclude I will say that through development the internet has come and I have seen that my sons and daughters are using this to communicate to each other. I have been following up all your contributions about the development of Kom and the palace keenly. This has caused me to admire and join the forum through which I can always communicate to you and you can also send your suggestions directly to me through this address and not through the general forum. This will enable me to act on them promptly.

To end, I will like to request that all of us should take a moment of silence to remember the Fon of Achain who has recently joined his ancestors.

“Yi fang ajung a woin ghem”

Fon Vincent Yuh II
Paramount Ruler of Kom

The Other Dimensions of the Kom Renaissance Project

On December 31, 2013, bobe Herbert Boh published a project titled “The Kom Renaissance Project”. The aim of the project according to him is to build a war chest for the launch of a series of investments, particularly at Laikom”. The project is highly ambitious with funding pegged on ordinary shareholding alongside loaning from various financial institutions. Each shareholder is given 15 months beginning from February 2014 to effectively complete the stated share which stands at $2,000 (1,000,000 Fcfa). It is expected that by mid 2015, a sum of 500,000,000 Fcfa could be raised if at least 500 persons adhere to this project.

From some indications, the Paramount Fon of Kom was duly informed about this project by the initiator (Herbert Boh) through an electronic mail. The Fon reacted almost instantly as follows:

My dear son, Receive Royal and ancestral Blessings from Laikom and transmit same to your family, to all Kom sons and daughters in the United States of America and the diaspora, and to all who are in the same mindset as yourself.

Since our celebration of 3-5 January 2014, I have been gradually settling down firstly to thank each and every one of you, my children, my friends and all other authorities who joined us in this very important event in our History. I am making it known to you that this event was inspired by our ancestors. It finally happened because you all put hands on deck. That is the spirit required for us to succeed, and for Kom to keep moving forward.

My dear son, I saw your email and I loved it. I loved it because now, I am convinced I have set the pace and you are picking it up. This pace is the new spirit and new approach to our development. I am very aware that the fire has been, and lives within each and every one of you who dreams this dream. It only needed to be rekindled. You shall not only have to dream, but you shall have to live this dream, and to share your great experience with the rest of the world, because the rest of the world still has a lot to learn from us KOM.

Yes, we have a great history which is far beyond an ordinary story. We have a great heritage, and most especially we have great people living in all corners of the world. And ‘YES WE CAN’ Re-brand Kom; Put the ‘BeKom Campaign’ on the action table, Make Kom an enviable tourist’s destination…

My duty is to show you the way by setting the pace. Our priorities are already clearly defined; our access road to the palace, the rehabilitation of the Kom Palace and a befitting museum, rest houses, other infrastructures and initiatives. Yes, education is the way! And I will tell you again that the way towards realizing this vision lies in:

Identifying and working with all the stakeholders, Good governance practices…participation, accountability and transparency.

I have shown you the way! NOW, YOU HAVE MY BLESSINGS TO MOVE ALL THESE IDEAS FORWARD! YOU HAVE ALL THE RESOURCES AND ALL THE CAPABILITIES! Again, for those who are not yet on board, WHAT ARE YOU WAITING FOR…. The time to act and to move forward is now!. This is my prayer.

If we go by the Fon’s reply, then we are saying that (The Kom Rennaissance Project) has received the endorsement of the Fon. We must understand what this means and what it implies. It means that the Fon has identified the priorities of the fondom and is waiting on us to look for ways and means to realizing them.

It implies that all the sons and daughters of Kom where ever they may be in the globe are called upon to participate in one way or the other for the realization of this magnificent dream. Basically, we are saying that every kom person wherever found should be given the possibility to contribute to the realization of these projects. This is what the FON said:

My duty is to show you the way by setting the pace. Our priorities are already clearly defined; our access road to the palace, the rehabilitation of the Kom Palace and a befitting museum, rest houses, other infrastructures and initiatives. And I will tell you again that the way towards realizing this vision lies in identifying and working with all the stakeholders, Good governance practices…participation, accountability and transparency.

  1. A)Identifying Other Stakeholders of the Project
  2. 1)Villages within the kom Fondom
  3. Villages in the Kom diaspora
  4. 3)Socio-Cultural and Socio-Economic Groups
  5. 4)Kom Entrepreneurs and Individuals
  6. B)Management Committee
  7. C)The Priority Projects
  8. D)Revival of Kom Annual Dance

The initial conception of the Kom renaissance project targeted funding mainly from ordinary shareholding. This shareholding dimension of the project will certainly concern some category of Komrades. The focus of this article is to identify all the other stakeholders of the project (villages, socio-cultural groups, business persons, individuals…) who should together with the constituted shareholders produce the needed momentum for this great vision.

The kom fondom is divided into three valleys: Abasakom, Njinikom and Ngvin-kejem. This division probably dates back to the early days of settlement. Each valley today has a number of villages, which form compact territorial units under the leadership of a village head or Bonteh. It is through these villages that the Fon administers the Kom fondom. The kom palace as we see it today has been constructed through the contributions of the villages. These villages are still there today for that purpose.

Each of these villages could be asked to produce a minimum amount, say 200,000 francs each year beginning from 2014 for the realisation of these projects. This can easily be done by most villages through the development associations. The Population Census File 2005, identified 69 villages in kom (villages with councils) with Abassakom having 26 villages, Njinikom 16 villages and Ngvin-kejem 27 villages. Expected annual income from these villages = 69 x 200,000 = 13,800,000. This list of villages could be updated by Laikom to reflect the situation today. See annex for the villages.

The Kom fondom has extended its wings to all parts of the world. Thus the kom diaspora operates villages which possess some qualities of the Kom villages. Such villages (Bamenda, Douala, Ebolowa, Buea, Yaoundé, USA ...) are headed by ghi-bonteh appointed by the Fon of Kom. All such villages should be identified and documented by the Fon. Each of them should produce a minimum annual amount, say 500,000 francs. More of such villages could be created in the course of time.

Socio-cultural groups such as (chisindo, wointoh, njong, chong…) operate all over the national territory and beyond. The Fon should census such groups, and each should be taxed an annual levy of say, 100,000 francs. Socio-economic groups, youth groups, and others could equally fall into this category.

All kom business persons in Cameroon and abroad shall be called upon to support this initiative in any form appropriate to them. They could support in cash or in kind, and in either case, they shall determine the magnitude and nature of the support. This same approach shall apply to all individual persons wanting to give support to the initiative.

For all the activities to go well and in order, the Fon shall create a management committee charged with Managing the activities and Resources of the project. This committee, which could be composed of 9 persons (3 from each valley) should have at least 3 females. The constituted committee shall meet and create an executive bureau composed of – Chairperson, Secretary, Treasurer and Financial Secretary.

The committee, alongside kwifoyn kom shall have the main task of informing and sensitizing the kom population at home and abroad of their various responsibilities towards the project. All the available methods of communication shall be put in place to attain these objectives. The profile of the members of this committee shall greatly evolve in favour of those individuals who are known to be among the development agents of these valleys. The status of the committee may be determined in due course.

As indicated by the Fon, the essential projects are: Fundong-Laikom Road, Museum, Rest House, Rehabilitation of Kom Palace and Revival of kom Annual dance.

The cost of these projects will greatly depend on the material used as well as other considerations. As a touristic site, our palace must have special building material as well as special designs. The use of local material (stones, bricks, bamboos, wood, fiber…) must be maximized. Special local designers must be our architects for the construction of museum, rest house and other structures. In this way our structures will create a perfect and durable touristic environment at relatively very low cost. With this approach, a museum as well as a rest house worth the standard should not cost us more than 20,000,000 francs cfa i.e. cost of buildings . We must not loose sight of maintenance costs which some so called modern structures may impose.

The greatest havoc exists with the road construction to Laikom. But with the concern and apparent commitment of the Lord Mayor of the Fundong Rural Council, we are certain that the Fundong-Laikom Road Project shall find its way through. The Lord Mayor shall be our master planner for this very important project. During the 20th anniversary celebration of Fon Yuh Vincent’s reign at the kom palace in December 2013, the Fundong Council Mayor, Bobe Denis Awoh Ndang decried the neglect of the kom palace by the kom people. Ndang regretted that the kom people only remember the palace when they are faced with succession problems. It was his fervent wish that the opportunity which the celebration had offered should serve as a springboard to revive the rich culture that kom has to show the world.

The kom people today see their culture somehow greatly diminished with respect to the major cultures in the North West Region (Nso, Bali, Bafut, Mankon) due to the fact that the annual dance which used to vitalize the kom culture died several decades ago. So much noise has been made about this cultural lapse, but the unfortunate situation persists. However, during the 20th anniversary celebration of Fon Yuh Vincent’s reign at the kom palace in December 2013, the Fon of Kom in his welcome address revealed as follows:

Once every year, the kom people used to gather in their palace to celebrate the past years and welcome the New Year with hope. The njongsi kom from within and without have tried to revive this noble practice, and it is my hope that from today, all kom people wherever they are will look forward to this annual event during which we display our culture and help to pass on the good aspects of our culture to the young.

The kom annual dance was indeed an annual come together which was attended by people and dances from all parts of kom. It was an occasion for the kom people to present New Year wishes to their Fon. It took place at Laikom in the month of January (Njoŋìbɨyn). In this occasion, all the dances displayed in front of the Fon. Individuals as well as groups were expected to greet the Fon (su ntoh) with some New Year presents. The Fon on the other hand was expected to decorate some prominent sons and daughters of Kom. The significance of this annual dance was to acknowledge the changeover of seasons from wet to dry, as well as foresee the nature and strength of events of the New Year. The famous Afo-a-kom in those days was brought out to the public once a year, and only in this occasion.

Since the “revival of kom annual dance” is one of the projects of the “kom renaissance project”, it is expected that the management committee of this project shall do everything possible for this event to resurface in the kom calendar as from January 2015 as indicated by the Fon.

Conclusion

It has been a long time since we have been complaining about the deplorable state of the Fundong-Laikom road. It has been a long time since we have been complaining about the deteriorating nature of the Kom Palace. It has been a long time since we have been longing for the restoration of the Kom Annual Dance. The Kom Renaissance Project; the born again project, has been put in place today. Through this project we can realize all these ambitious dreams and certainly more in the horizon. Are we all ready for this great adventure? If the answer is YES, then, Get Set, Ready, GO. And we are on the point of emergence by 2020, long before Cameroon in 2035.  

Bobe Nsom Joseph

Senior Economist Statistician

MINEPAT/BUCREP Yaoundé

Annex: Kom Villages and their households in 2005

No.

BELO

FUNDONG

NJINIKOM

VILLAGE

H/h

VILLAGE

H/h

VILLAGE

H/h

1

Aboh

215

Aboh

78

Atenilah

62

2

Achah

295

Abuh

492

Atuilah

257

3

Afua

130

Achain

284

Atukoni

102

4

Anjang

138

Aduk

242

Balikumato

192

5

Anjin

333

Ajung

225

Bobong

195

6

Anyajua

378

Akeh

332

Bochain

200

7

Baicham

96

Alim

205

Fuanantui

841

8

Baingo

617

Atoni

141

Isailah

171

9

Belo

484

Baiso

46

Kikfuini

348

10

Chuaku

179

Bojui

107

Mbueni

143

11

Dawara

353

Bolem

144

Mughef

118

12

Djichami

429

Fujua

203

Mungoh-Ngoh

43

13

Elemighong

341

Fundong village

121

Tsinifoinbi

196

14

Fuli

307

Ilung

183

Wombong - ikui

99

15

Fungom

58

Juaffef

1421

Wombong - itsin

108

16

Jinfuin

458

Laikom

151

Yang

259

17

Juabum

164

Mbam

260

-

-

18

Kitchu

169

Mbengkas

122

-

-

19

Mbessa

923

Mbissi

227

-

-

20

Mbingo

399

Mboh

86

-

-

21

Mejang

122

Mbongkisu

82

-

-

22

Mejung

94

Meli

47

-

-

23

Ngemsibo

116

Mentang

221

-

-

24

Njinikejem

666

Ngvinabum-Achangne

80

-

-

25

Sho

227

Ngwah

578

-

-

26

Sowi

180

Ngwainkuma

68

-

-

27

Tumuku

319

-

-

-

-

Source: Cameroon Population Census 2005                    H/h=Households

Culled from a post in This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. in 2001.    

Woinkom,

1) Yaounde Nchisendo visit Laikom

About 14 chisendo all from Yaounde paid a visit to Laikom on Saturday March 17 to celebrate with the Fon the "njang" feast.  Once a foyn is enstooled, he must craved his own njang which will be buried along with him when he dies. So the present foyn has taken njang  serious. On the traditional sunday, people meet to wine, feast and dance  late into the night. The chisendo of Yaounde were asked to provide the food and the drink but not the dance. So we did.

2) Kom is without an active government ( kwifoyn).

Now, two weeks ago, the foyn and kwifoyn broke ranks and kwifoyn resigned from its functional duties and the foyn accepted the resignation, saying the woyn nto will assist him in ruling Kom. (Now, note here that kwifoyn is responsible for the organisation and performance of rituals and within the next couple of weeks, some of the major rituals with the performed. By whom? )

A new association of Princes and Princess has just been formed in Kom: According to Kom rules and regulations every foyn on acccesion chooses one of the princes to join kwifoyn, and unlike other chiefdoms in the north-west, there is no organisation for the princes but they are free to join any of ther royal lodges. There are NGIRIS in Nso and other places but not in Kom. How will the new body function with the Kom context? Can it perform functions that are not within their powers? Wait and see.

After the announcement of a new born baby, here is a song or two to celebrate:

1) Kini lum dial salu-e-e-e, dial layn-a ghes yein. Kini lum sangli salu-a-a-a, sangli layn-a ghes yein. Ernestine lum dial salu-e-e-e dial layn-a ghes yein. Ernestine lum sangli salu-a-a, sangli layn ghes yein.

2) Chem teyn, me chem i chem i yemi. Chem teyn me chem afo akema. Dial teyn, me dial i dial i yemi. Dial a ma, me dyal afo akema.

wayn bobe

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