How did the Kom people come about the name NJONG for their military group?

Before the arrival of Foyn YUH I to the throne, this KOM military unit was called (NDO-IGHONG/KINTIM). Foyn YUH overthrew another Foyn before becoming Foyn himself. The commander in chief who lead the NDO-IGHONG/KINTIM in 1865 to overthrow the Foyn for YUH to take over as Foyn, was called NJONG.

NJONG was the commander in chief of the NDO-IGHONG/KINTIM of Bobe Aboh. When he succeeded in his mission and enthroned YUH as the Foyn in 1865 the name NDO-IGHONG was changed to NJONG and that name has remained so till today. The real Bo Njong in Kom is the Foyn. The Njong unit heads in Kom are actually care takers of those units. The njong unit heads report their activities to the (MFORMIE) Commander-in-Chief who is based in the palace (Laikom). The Mformie transmits all reports to the Foyn. Decisions from the Bo Njong, the Foyn, are transmitted to the Njong units through the Mformie in Laikom. Foyn YUH II revamped the NJONG in 2008. Their role today is no more to raid other chiefdoms but to keep the Kom cultural activities alive.


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+1 # ngong victor nkwaah 2013-12-24 16:59
Kom is a nice place that u must visit
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+2 # ambes_trinity2 2013-12-24 12:14
I hope my little contribution helps in broadening the store of knowledge we have on Kom history in general, and this topic in particular. Also, Nchindo Kom Prof. Paul Nkwi has written extensively on this and other topics concerning our grassfields tribal groupings. (Check his: TRADITIONAL DIPLOMACY: A STUDY OF INTER-CHIEFDOM RELATIONS IN THE WESTERN GRASSFIELDS OF CAMEROON for a start).

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+2 # ambes_trinity2 2013-12-24 12:13
Bo Njong is the father or leader of a Njong Unit. Ngui Njong is his assistant. Both prefixes in the titles are in original Itangikom ('Bo' as father; 'Ngui' as traditional calabash). But, for Taamanjong it does not stand. TAA is father, elder or leader in Lamnso or Limbum (the same as BO in Itangikom) e.g. Taala - lineage head; Taawong - father of the land; Taashiv - father of medicine; Taakikum - leader of juju (Bo Mukum in Itangikom) etc.
This simply justifies that all tribes borrowed and exchanged a lot of things from one another. Some were adjusted and modified as situations demanded at the time or later, but some were just maintained as they were. e.g. Kwifoyn is Mbam-Ajung origin; Nkoh is Noni; Saamba is Baba in Ndop etc. These are verifiable facts.
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+2 # ambes_trinity2 2013-12-24 12:12
Hence, 'MANJONG or NJONG' is a gathering of warriors. 'LAV-NJONG' is its house or Ndo-njong. 'TAV-NJONG' or 'TAA-MANJONG' used to be the leader or father of MANJONG or NJONG before the Nso captured MFU, a secret war lodge from the Bamums, and instituted the title 'MFORME or MFORMI or NFORMI', which word was borrowed from the original Bamum 'MFORIMIH' or general. Thus Mforme replaced Taamanjong as leader of Njong. 'TAAMANJONG' still exists in the Njong Kom set-up, but any Itangikom speaker can see that the word has no original meaning in Itangikom.
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+2 # ambes_trinity2 2013-12-24 12:10
I can state with confidence that the term 'NJONG', referring to the warrior lodge, had been in existence long before the enthronement of Foyn Yuh I in 1865. It's origin is surely Tikari as it also appears in the lexicon of the Wimbum, Nso, Bafut and Mbembe tribes, who are all Tikar, and who settled here much earlier than Kom e.g both the Wimbums and Nso were already settled in Donga & Mantung and Bui before the close of the 14th century i.e. more than 300 years before Kom entered Boyo, and their war histories and traditional set-up have seen more research and writings by both local and foreign experts.
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+2 # ambes_trinity2 2013-12-24 12:08
I concur with Mforme Nkfum that 'NJONG' is a borrowed word in Kom. What I may want to assess is whether the Bo Njong in his write-up is really an actual or mythic personality. In our mostly orally-kept tribal history, we tend to freely mix verifiable historical facts with our great legends and myths of the past. That is why any proper study of our history needs co-related studies of the histories of neighbouring tribes or clans, as well as those Kom had interacted with, so as to be able to compare both historical facts and dates.
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